OBLIGOR - (see also "Respondent") the person paying the support in a support case; the defendant in a civil action.
PATERNITY - an action initiated to determine the (father) of a child born out of wedlock and to provide for the support of
that child once paternity is proved.
PAYEE - indicates who received the payment.
PETITIONER - the person receiving money in a support case; the one who initiated the case in a civil action, i.e. the plaintiff.
PLAINTIFF - the person who initially brings the suit or civil action, and who seeks remedy in a court of justice for an injury to
or a withholding of rights.
PLEADINGS - the documents contained in the court file. These are usually statements, in logical and legal form, of the facts
that constitute the plaintiff’s cause of action and defendant’s ground of defense. The Clerk dockets pleadings and a list of pleadings
in a court file is contained on the D screen, in the Civil Mainframe.
PRAECIPE - a request for the clerk to take some action, such as issue a subpoena, etc.
PRO BONO - indicates when attorneys take on cases without compensation to advance a social cause.
PRO SE - a person represents oneself without the aid of legal counsel, for oneself, or on one’s own behalf.
REPEAT VIOLENCE - Two incidents of violence or stalking committed by the respondent, one which must have been within 6 months of the filing
of the petition, which are directed against the petitioner or the petitioner’s immediate family member.
“Violence” means any assault, battery, or sexual battery or stalking by a person against any other person."
REPLEVIN - an action to recover
possession or the value of specific personal property unlawfully withheld from the plaintiff.
RESPONDENT - the person paying the support in a support case; the defendant in a civil action.
SERVICE OF PROCESS - the communication of the court papers to the defendant, either by actual delivery or by other methods. The
defendant is furnished with reasonable notice of the proceedings against him or her to afford the defendant the opportunity to appear and be heard.
SEXUAL VIOLENCE – a person may be a victim of sexual violence if any one incident of the following has occurred: Sexual battery,
as defined in F.S. Chapter 794; or A lewd or lascivious act as defined in F.S. Chapter 800; or Luring or enticing a child as described
in F.S. Chapter 787; or Sexual performance by a child, as described in F.S. Chapter 827; or Any other forcible felony wherein a sexual act
is committed or attempted.
SMALL CLAIMS - legal actions that deal with money/property matters of $5,000.00 or less. Proceedings in Small Claims Court
are usually less formal than in other types of courts, and parties usually represent themselves without the assistance of an
SUMMONS - a notification to a defendant in an action that an appearance or answer is required or a judgment will be entered
against the defendant. The object of the summons is to notify the defendant that he has been sued.
SUBPOENA - a writ issued under authority of a court to compel the appearance of a witness at a judicial proceeding.
Disobeying the subpoena may be punishable as a contempt of court.
SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM - requires the party subpoenaed
to bring with them and/or produce books, records, or other tangible goods.
SUPPORT - an obligation imposed by court order that requires the respondent (obligor) to pay the petitioner (obligee)
a specified amount of money. This support
can be for spousal support (alimony) or child support. If the support is for the child, the non-custodial parent pays
the custodial parent support. A person who fails to pay the court ordered support may be held in contempt by the court
and jailed until the past due amount (arrears) is paid.
TERM - indicates the provisions of the court order that determines the
amount, frequency, start date, and end date of support.
UIFSA/URESA - refers to Chapter 88 of Florida Statutes and governs all interstate support actions. Uniform Interstate Family Support
Act/Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act.
WRIT – a written document issued by a court or the clerk, commanding the party to whom it is addressed to perform or cease
performing a specified act. (i.e. Writ of Execution or Writ of Garnishment)
WRIT OF EXECUTION – a writ empowering an officer of the court to enforce a judgment.
WRIT OF GARNISHMENT – a document rendered by the court or clerk directing a third party who holds money or property of a
defendant to withhold it or appear in court.